ISIS Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NASDAQ:ISIS) reported pro forma operating income of $4.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 compared to a pro forma net operating loss of $22.6 million for the same period in 2014. Isis’ significantly improved financial results were due to higher revenue from milestone payments earned from its partners compared to the same quarter last year. On a GAAP basis, Isis reported a loss from operations of $9.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 compared to $29.7 million for the same period in 2014. Isis maintained its strong cash position and ended the first quarter of 2015 with $695.1 million in cash compared to $728.8 million at December 31, 2014.
“Our successes in the first quarter enabled us to end the first quarter of 2015 in a strong financial position. We are continuing this momentum into the second quarter. Yesterday we achieved an important strategic objective for Isis when we licensed ISIS-FXIRx to Bayer. Bayer is the optimal partner to develop and commercialize ISIS-FXIRx. Our goals for the ISIS-FXIRx program were to maximize the value we derive from this program both in the near-term and in the long-term. We wanted a partner committed to investing to maximize the commercial value of the drug, and we wanted to retain substantial participation in the commercial value created. This partnership meets all of these goals. As a leader in the antithrombotic market, Bayer has the expertise, resources and commitment to broadly develop ISIS-FXIRx. They plan to conduct a robust development plan that represents a commitment to make a substantial investment in ISIS-FXIRx. Bayer’s development plan combines near-term indications, which have the potential for early market entrance in patients with limited therapeutic options, with long-term indications in patients who are underserved by current antithrombotic treatments. In short, a development plan designed to take advantage of the profile of ISIS-FXIRx and maximize its value. We are also pleased with the financial aspects of the transaction, which provide significant value upfront as well as a substantial royalty that enables us to participate in the long-term commercial success of ISIS-FXIRx,” said B. Lynne Parshall, chief operating officer at Isis Pharmaceuticals.
“Subsequent to the first quarter, we licensed ISIS-FXIRx to Bayer for a substantial upfront payment and significant milestone and other payments of up to $375 million plus tiered royalties in the low to high 20% range on gross margins of ISIS-FXIRx achieving all of our financial objectives for the transaction. The financial terms of the transaction optimally balance near term value to us with our ability to participate in the commercial success of the drug. Importantly, Bayer plans to conduct a robust development plan, which represents a substantial investment in ISIS-FXIRx. Upon Hart-Scott-Rodino clearance, we expect to recognize approximately $85 million to $95 million of revenue from the Bayer upfront payment in 2015 and, of course the entire cash amount will augment our balance sheet,” said Elizabeth L. Hougen, chief financial officer of Isis Pharmaceuticals. “We ended the first quarter in a strong financial position with pro forma operating income of $4 million and we were nearly break even with a pro forma net loss of $3 million. In addition, so far this year, we have generated more than $195 million in payments from our partners, including $100 million from Bayer, $42 million from Biogen, $35 million from Janssen and $17 million from GSK. This, together with continuing opportunities to earn additional milestone payments from our partners as we progress through the year, puts us on track to exceed our guidance of a pro forma net operating loss in the mid $50 million range and more than $630 million in cash.”
All pro forma amounts referred to in this press release exclude non-cash compensation expense related to equity awards. Please refer to the reconciliation of pro forma and GAAP measures, which is provided later in this release.
Revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2015 was $62.6 millioncompared to $28.2 million for the same period in 2014. Isis earned $46 million in revenue from milestone payments from its partners in the first quarter of 2015, which consisted of:
- $31 million from Biogen including the following:
- $10 million for initiating investigational new drug supporting studies for ISIS-BIIB4Rx;
- $9 million for advancing CHERISH, the Phase 3 study for ISIS-SMNRx in infants with SMA;
- $7 million for advancing the Phase 2 open-label extension study for ISIS-SMNRx in children with SMA; and
- $5 million for validating an undisclosed target to treat a neurological disorder.
- $15 million from GSK for advancing the Phase 3 study of ISIS-TTRRx.
Isis’ revenue in the first quarter of 2015 also included $16.6 million in revenue from the amortization of upfront fees and manufacturing services performed for its partners, including revenue from the amortization of the $35 million upfront payment Isis received from Janssen for the companies’ new collaboration. Isis’ revenue in the first quarter of 2014 included $19.5 million in revenue from the amortization of upfront fees and manufacturing services and $7.7 million in revenue from Alnylam.
Isis’ revenue fluctuates based on the nature and timing of payments under agreements with Isis’ partners, including license fees, milestone-related payments and other payments.
Isis is conducting more later-stage clinical trials in 2015 than it did in 2014, including the continuation of its Phase 3 programs for ISIS-TTRRx, ISIS-SMNRxand ISIS-APOCIIIRx. As such, Isis’ pro forma operating expenses of $58.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 were higher compared to$50.8 million for the same period in 2014. As drugs move forward to more advanced stages of development, including into longer and larger clinical studies, the costs of development increase. On a GAAP basis, Isis’ operating expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2015 were $71.9 millioncompared to $57.8 million for the same period in 2014. Isis’ operating expenses on a GAAP basis included non-cash compensation expense related to equity awards, which increased for the three months ended March 31, 2015 compared to the same period in 2014 due to an increase in Isis’ stock price from 2014 to 2015.
Income Tax Benefit
Isis recognized a net tax benefit of $0.8 million for the three months endedMarch 31, 2015 compared to a tax benefit of $2.3 million for the same period in 2014. Isis’ tax benefit in both the first quarter of 2015 and 2014 was primarily the result of unrealized gains on its equity investment in Regulus, which reflected the significant increase in Regulus’ stock price. As of March 31, 2015, Isis’ investment in Regulus was valued at more than $90 million.
Isis reported a net loss of $16.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 compared to $31.3 million for the same period in 2014. Basic and diluted net loss per share for the three months ended March 31, 2015 was $0.14 per share compared to $0.27 per share for the same period in 2014. Isis’ net loss decreased in the first quarter of 2015 primarily due to an increase in revenue from milestone payments.
As of March 31, 2015, Isis had cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments of $695.1 million compared to $728.8 million at December 31, 2014and had working capital of $735.1 million at March 31, 2015 compared to $721.3 million at December 31, 2014. Isis’ working capital increased in the first quarter of 2015 primarily due to the increase in the carrying value of its investment in Regulus, slightly offset by the decrease in cash. Isis’ cash balance at March 31, 2015 did not include $124 million, which is comprised of $24 million in payments Isis has received from its partners since the end of the first quarter plus the $100 million upfront payment Isis is eligible to receive from Bayer.
“Bayer is the second new partner we added this year. Earlier in the year, we added Janssen as our partner in the discovery and development of antisense drugs to treat autoimmune disorders of the GI tract. Our Janssen collaboration expands our technology to a new area, the oral administration of antisense drugs for the local treatment of autoimmune diseases in the gastrointestinal tract,” continued Ms. Parshall.
“We have a pipeline of novel antisense drugs that could provide significant value in the near-term with six drugs in Phase 3 development including, ISIS-SMNRx, ISIS-TTRRx and ISIS-APOCIIIRx. Enrollment for both of the Phase 3 studies of ISIS-SMNRx is on track, and we plan to share data on these studies in the 2016/2017 timeframe. We are pleased that Biogen is expanding the Phase 3 program for ISIS-SMNRx by conducting two additional studies of ISIS-SMNRxincluding a study evaluating ISIS-SMNRx, in newborns screened at birth and shown to have SMA, but who are presymptomatic. We presented positive data on ISIS-TTRRx in patients with FAP at the American Academy of Neurology. We are also pleased that GSK is planning to expand the clinical program for ISIS-TTRRx by initiating two additional Phase 3 studies, one in patients with TTR-related cardiomyopathy and one in Japan in patients with FAP. And of course, our wholly owned subsidiary, Akcea Therapeutics, is off to a great start, and we look forward to sharing more about this with you next month when we host an Akcea webcast call,” concluded Ms. Parshall.
Drug Development Highlights (2015 first quarter and subsequent activities)
- Isis and its partners reported positive data on six drugs in Isis’ pipeline, including:
- Isis reported positive results from an ongoing open-label extension study of ISIS-TTRRx in patients with FAP. In the open-label study after thirteen weeks of treatment with ISIS-TTRRx, TTR protein was reduced up to 92 percent with a median reduction of 78 percent in patients with FAP compared to their baseline TTR levels at entry into the Phase 3 study.
- AstraZeneca reported clinical and preclinical data on ISIS-STAT3-2.5Rx demonstrating evidence of antitumor activity in patients with cancer including advanced/metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma and diffuse large B cell lymphoma. Additionally, AstraZenecareported that, in preclinical studies, co-treatment of ISIS-STAT3-2.5Rx and MEDI4736, an immune checkpoint inhibitor, showed significantly greater antitumor activity than when either drug was administered alone. AstraZeneca plans to initiate two clinical studies evaluating ISIS-STAT3-2.5Rx in combination with MEDI4736 this year.
- Isis reported top-line Phase 2 data on ISIS-PTP1BRxdemonstrating that patients with type 2 diabetes experienced statistically significant mean reductions in body weight and HbA1c (0.7 percentage point) at 36 weeks.
- Regulus reported clinical data on RG-101 showing that patients with hepatitis C virus achieved sustained viral suppression after only a single dose of RG-101, and that some patients remained below the level of detection for hepatitis C virus 20 weeks after a single dose.
- Isis reported Phase 1 results showing that ISIS-ANGPTL3Rxproduced significant reductions of up to 93 percent in ANGPTL3, up to 63 percent in triglycerides and up to 46 percent in total cholesterol in healthy volunteers.
- Isis reported Phase 1 results showing that ISIS-PKKRx produced significant, dose-dependent reductions of PKK of up to 95 percent in healthy volunteers.
Corporate Highlights (2015 first quarter and subsequent activities)
- Isis licensed ISIS-FXIRx to Bayer HealthCare to develop and commercialize ISIS-FXIRx for the prevention of thrombosis.
- Isis is eligible to receive up to $375 million in payments, including a $100 million upfront payment and a $55 million milestone payment upon advancement of the program following completion of the planned Phase 2 study.
- Isis is eligible to receive tiered royalties in the low to high 20 percent range on gross margins of ISIS-FXIRx.
- This transaction is subject to clearances under the Hart-Scott Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act.
- Isis formed an alliance with Janssen to discover and develop antisense drugs to treat autoimmune disorders of the GI tract.
- Isis received $35 million in upfront payments and is eligible to receive nearly $800 million in development, regulatory and sales milestone payments and license fees for the programs under this alliance.
- Isis will also receive tiered royalties that on average are double digits on sales of drugs successfully commercialized.
- Isis formed a wholly owned subsidiary, Akcea Therapeutics, to develop and commercialize its lipid drugs, ISIS-APOCIIIRx, ISIS-APO(a)Rx, ISIS-ANGPTL3Rx and the follow on drugs for these programs.
- Isis and Alnylam formed a new agreement that includes a cross-license of intellectual property, providing each company rights to certain of each other’s technology advances.
- The new agreement also provides each company with exclusive RNA therapeutic license rights for two programs.
- Isis generated more than$195 million in payments from partners, including the following:
- $100 million from Bayer
- $42 million from Biogen
- $35 million from Janssen
- $17 million from GSK (Original Source)
Shares of Isis Pharmaceuticals opened today at $62.12 and are currently trading down at $59.55. ISIS has a 1-year high of $77.80 and a 1-year low of $22.25. The stock’s 50-day moving average is $65.00 and its 200-day moving average is $61.00.
On the ratings front, Isis has been the subject of a number of recent research reports. In a report released yesterday, Piper Jaffray analyst Joshua Schimmer reiterated a Hold rating on ISIS, with a price target of $68, which implies an upside of 9.5% from current levels. Separately, on the same day, Needham’s Chad Messer reiterated a Buy rating on the stock and has a price target of $88.
According to TipRanks.com, which ranks over 7,500 financial analysts and bloggers to gauge the performance of their past recommendations, Joshua Schimmer and Chad Messer have a total average return of 12.3% and -2.6% respectively. Schimmer has a success rate of 60.8% and is ranked #305 out of 3589 analysts, while Messer has a success rate of 28.6% and is ranked #3185.
In total, 2 research analysts have assigned a Hold rating and 2 research analysts have given a Buy rating to the stock. When considering if perhaps the stock is under or overvalued, the average price target is $62.12 which is 26.6% above where the stock opened today.
Isis Pharmaceuticals Inc is engaged in antisense drug discovery and development, exploiting a novel drug discovery platform it created to generate a broad pipeline of first-in-class drugs.