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Ophir Gottlieb (CEO & Co-founder) — Ophir Gottlieb is the CEO & Co-founder of Capital Market Laboratories (CML). CML is a member of the famed Thomson First Call roster, but our purpose is to provide institutional research to all investors and break the information monopoly held by the top .1% You can follow his stock research, called CML Pro, here: You can use the option-backtester here: Ophir contributes to Yahoo! Finance and MarketWatch and generates nearly one and a half million readers a month. He was rated the 14th best finance follow on all of Twitter. Ophir Gottlieb is inventor of the Forensic Alpha Model (FAM) and a co-inventor of Accounting and Governance Risk Model (AGR), both now owned commercially by MSCI. Mr. Gottlieb’s methodological approach taken in creating FAM was endorsed by the head of artificial intelligence for the state of Germany as a novel and extraordinary application of advanced machine learning and quantitative finance. FAM and AGR are used by asset managers worldwide with over $1 trillion of assets under management. The FAM model has made Mr. Gottlieb one of the most recognized names in all of quantitative finance. Mr Gottlieb’s mathematics, measure theory and machine learning background stems from his graduate work in mathematics and measure theory at Stanford University and his time as an option market maker on the NYSE and CBOE exchange floors. He has been cited by various financial media including Reuters, Bloomberg, Wall St. Journal, Dow Jones Newswire and through re-publications in Barron’s, Forbes, SF Chronicle, Chicago Tribune and Miami Herald and is often seen on financial television.

Roku Inc (ROKU): This Streaming Video Company Is Ready to Shine

By Ophir Gottlieb

Roku Inc (NASDAQ:ROKU) released earnings after the close of the market on 2-21-2018, and while the market has pushed the stock down, the results, in our option, were breathtakingly good.


ROKU is building a business based on users, and if we measured it as a cable provider, as of right now, it would be the third largest cable provider in the country behind just Comcast and AT&T – that’s how many people and how much content they serve, already.

Further, the number of accounts for ROKU rose 44% while Comcast and AT&T are essentially flat. All of this is driven by the large secular shift by consumers to streaming video and away from linear TV.

Check out this video consumption pattern forecast:

And then straight to SVOD revenue forecasts.

The penetration rate of streaming video is growing in the United States, but is still below 25%:

The various SVOD content providers are in a war – to buy content, to buy users, to keep users, to differentiate. Netflix, Amazon Prime Video, and Hulu are at war with each other, as they are with other over-the-top (OTT) video services like those coming from Apple, Google (YouTube), Disney, and many others.

That battle doesn’t interest us – what we are after is the operating system, the guts that will house all of it. And this is where Roku exists. Each of these over-the-top (OTT) content providers are available with Roku hardware or software.

The idea behind the business is to grow scale – to grow active accounts and to become the operating system of streaming TV. Yes, its goal, its future, is to be what Microsoft was to PCs and what Apple is to smartphones – the platform, the operating system, for the booming industry that is Streaming Video on Demand (SVOD).

Or, as the CEO said in the earnings call:

Our mission is to be the streaming TV platform that connects the entire TV ecosystem as all TV viewing moves to streaming.

And the company has done so in spades. Not only did ROKU report a stunning 44% growth in account accounts in Q4 but also an average revenue per user (ARPU) growth of 48%. These are gigantic numbers.

The CEO said, on the earnings call (our emphasis added):

The fourth quarter of 2017 was a fantastic quarter for Roku, reinforcing our leading position in smart TVs, streaming players, OTT advertising, and content distribution.

We have never been more excited about the future of our business.

While the company’s hardware revenue was down, and that has Wall Street spooked, that was very much on purpose. As the CEO said out loud on CNBC, the company lowered prices on its players to increase volume. It’s still a gross margin positive business, but hardware is simply one conduit to more users.

Executives cut the price for one of Roku’s top-end models to $100 from $130, for example, and released a budget $30 version called the Roku Express. Again, this was done on purpose. Hardware is a customer-acquisition strategy, not a profit center in and of itself.

Even further, the company noted that for the first time, platform revenue will make up the majority of the company’s overall revenue throughout 2018. In fact, platform gross profit grew 120% year-over-year to $63.7 million and represented 87% of total gross profit in Q4, up from 65% last year.

The company gets new users by selling players, licensing players, and licensing the operating system. As for other financial metrics, the company’s guidance, at its mid-point, is a gross profit rise of fully 56% year-over-year.

Roku’s license sources delivered more than half of the company’s new user growth in the fourth quarter.

ROKU has access to treasure trove of data and as a distributor of content and an advertiser, data is a key part of that business in the modern world. While ad revenue and content redistribution revenue are the focus, the data behind it is extremely powerful and is a moat that a linear TV cable provider simply does not have.

Think about this, and this is straight from the CEO: “Every ad on ROKU is a one-on-one ad targeted to that specific customer.” Now, compare that to cable TV. It’s almost an unfair advantage that streaming has over linear television, but there it is.

And the results: advertising remains the largest component of platform revenue, accounting for 75% of that segment, versus 66% in the previous quarter. As for scale, try this on for size:

U.S advertisers spend $70 billion a year on TV, according to ROKU CEO Anthony Wood.

Or how about this: four-years ago, ROKU had 0% of the market, and as of last year, 1 out of every 5 televisions used the ROKU operating system for streaming. This is much more of a software company than a hardware company, irrespective of where revenue sits today.

Now, let’s turn to the earnings results and the earnings call:


* Revenue: $188.3 million from $147.3 million in the year-ago period, beating analysts’ average expectations of $182.5 million.

* EPS: $0.06 profit versus analyst expectations of a -$0.10 per share loss.

* Guidance: Full-year revenue of $660 million to $690 million versus estimates of $661.5 million.

Full-year losses of $40 million to $55 million versus analyst expectations of $35.9 million.

Earnings Call

Here are the highlights we focused on:

* The shift to streaming is creating huge opportunities for Roku.

* Active accounts grew 44% for the year.

* ARPU increased 48% year-over-year to $13.78 on a trailing 12-month basis with more than two-thirds of ARPU coming from advertising.

* The largest driver of ARPU growth is video advertising.

* We are also seeing very rapid growth from our audience development ads which are endemic display ads.

* Our Roku TV program had exceptional performance, one in five smart TV sold in the U.S in 2017 was Roku TV.

* Our investment and being the leading TV OS is paying off.

* We’re increasingly tapping into the $70 billion U.S advertisers spend on TV as the TV ad ecosystem moves to streaming.

* More than half of the Ad Age’s top 200 advertise on the Roku platform.

* Q4 gross profit increased 64% year-over-year to $73.5 million.

* Platform gross profit grew 120% year-over-year to $63.7 million and represented 87% of total gross profit in Q4, up from 65% last year.


We loved the quarter ROKU had, see quite clearly that its actual hardware, which still turns a profit, is not the focus other than as a conduit to get its operating system out there and its account numbers up.

Combine that hardware effort with licensing, and ROKU’s growth is something to behold in a cable industry that is flat, at best, and shrinking at worst. Yes, ROKU saw 44% account growth as the cable providers are seeing cord cutting hurt their business.

Advertising is a fantastic business – just ask Google (the largest advertising platform in the world and the second largest company in the world by market cap) and Facebook (the second largest ad platform in the world and the sixth largest company by market cap in the world).

We maintain our Spotlight status on ROKU and our long-term bullish thesis was confirmed, for now, with the latest earnings release.


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