Capital Market Laboratories

About the Author Capital Market Laboratories

Ophir Gottlieb (CEO & Co-founder) — Ophir Gottlieb is the CEO & Co-founder of Capital Market Laboratories (CML). CML is a member of the famed Thomson First Call roster, but our purpose is to provide institutional research to all investors and break the information monopoly held by the top .1% You can follow his stock research, called CML Pro, here: You can use the option-backtester here: Ophir contributes to Yahoo! Finance and MarketWatch and generates nearly one and a half million readers a month. He was rated the 14th best finance follow on all of Twitter. Ophir Gottlieb is inventor of the Forensic Alpha Model (FAM) and a co-inventor of Accounting and Governance Risk Model (AGR), both now owned commercially by MSCI. Mr. Gottlieb’s methodological approach taken in creating FAM was endorsed by the head of artificial intelligence for the state of Germany as a novel and extraordinary application of advanced machine learning and quantitative finance. FAM and AGR are used by asset managers worldwide with over $1 trillion of assets under management. The FAM model has made Mr. Gottlieb one of the most recognized names in all of quantitative finance. Mr Gottlieb’s mathematics, measure theory and machine learning background stems from his graduate work in mathematics and measure theory at Stanford University and his time as an option market maker on the NYSE and CBOE exchange floors. He has been cited by various financial media including Reuters, Bloomberg, Wall St. Journal, Dow Jones Newswire and through re-publications in Barron’s, Forbes, SF Chronicle, Chicago Tribune and Miami Herald and is often seen on financial television.

The Bullish Thesis for Roku, Inc. (ROKU) Stock Appears to Be Stronger

By Ophir Gottlieb and Tiernan Ray

Top Pick Roku (ROKU) beat earnings estimates for revenue, EPS, active accounts, gross margins, and raised estimates for revenue and gross margin, but guided down for EPS and missed average revenue per user, slightly. That meant a slight miss in platform revenue. The market’s reaction has been violently bad. We spoke with the CEO, and he is as bullish as ever. So are we.


Tiernan got on the phone with CEO Anthony Wood for us, and here is that conversation, along with some statements he made during the earnings conference call itself. On the conference call Wood noted the company’s continued double-digit growth in subscribers, he remarked, “There is huge upside there.” And regarding the company’s monetization of those users, via fees and ads and sponsorships, he added “”we still have a ways to go there till we tap that out.” Mr. Wood went on to say (our emphasis is added):

We had a really great quarter, we beat our outlook for the fifth quarter in a row, meaning that in all five quarters now since we went public, we’ve beaten. And, I would say, they should focus on some of the metrics that matter most, including active accounts and average revenue. We’re executing really well, the business is fundamentally strong.

Wood also boasted of the company’s software continuing to be the “number one licensed TV OS in U.S.,” shipping one in four smart televisions sold in the U.S. He noted that video ad sales, the single biggest component of Roku’s platform revenue, had more than doubled, and that:

Ad sales continued the steady and strong growth they’ve seen over the last several quarters.

Roku counts as clients two thirds of Ad Age’s top advertisers, he noted. With respect to active accounts Wood was quite pleased, remarking that “active accounts growth has been in mid-40s for a while now,” adding with respect to the 23.8 million number, “I think that’s great.” Another important metric, average revenue per user, or ARPU, rose by 37%. That is attributable both to growth in active accounts, and also the ways Roku is able to monetize the accounts. On both scores, Wood emphasized what he sees as substantial upside.

There is huge upside there [in active account growth]. There are a billion broadband subscribers, worldwide. [And] monetization per user grows as people watch more TV; we still have a ways to go there till we tap that out. And it [monetization] grows as we create more ways to upgrade our software, with new forms of advertising and advertising measurement. That has also a ways to go.

The Roku Channel, a free, advertising-supported collection of programming, introduced a year ago. His comments surrounding that were:

[The Roku Channel has] become very important part of ad inventory, and of how we deliver ads, and as a source of engagement.

Asked about the Web-based version of the Roku Channel, which went live a quarter ago, Wood said it is “going well,” but that it was “still too early to tell” what kind of contribution it is making, or will make, ultimately.

The strategy for the Channel is to keep adding more platforms, and regions, and content categories, including the recent addition of news channels.

Wood commented on the rising activity in linear television advertising initiatives. For example, a venture-backed startup called EDO that analyzes millions of TV spots to try and correlate them with consumer behavior. He seemed unfazed by the competition.

We are confident that OTT [over-the-top] advertising that is one-to-one targeted, that native internet advertising, is a superior solution to the legacy advertising available on linear TV. OTT brings things such as measurement and knowledge of the customer that are so important, that linear TV just can’t offer.


The bullish thesis for Roku appears to be stronger, not weaker, after this earnings report. Every advertisement on ROKU to its users is custom for that individual user. Further, according to Nielsen, 10% of 18 to 34-year-olds in the U.S. are only reachable on the Roku platform in the living room. That reminds me of two other companies that did this to create two of the six largest companies in the world: Google and Facebook. And the evidence that this is working, again from the CEO (our emphasis added):

A recent study by IPG and MAGNA concluded that ads on the Roku platform are 67% more effective per exposure at driving purchase intent compared to traditional linear TV ads.

So, yes, we can see, from a third-party verification, that the idea of personalized TV ads, which a few years ago seemed like an absurd proposition, are working.

A Booming Market

We learned in the first week of November that: Over the past 12 months, streaming TV services have seen a 292% increase in plays and a 212% increase in viewing hours, while publisher apps have seen declines of 16% and 19%, respectively, across those fronts. And right when people thought mobile was everything and streaming TV in the living room was in trouble — no. Connected TVs – such as those connected to Roku players, Amazon Fire TV, Apple TV, etc. – now account for as many streaming TV plays (38% on TVs) as mobile devices (39%). They also account for more than twice the viewing hours, with a 56 percent share to mobile’s 25% share. Research firm Conviva noted that Roku accounted for 40% of viewing hours, while Amazon fast growing still only made up 18%. Here is a chart of the average weekly time spent with over-the-top TV in the United States (in hours):

That’s a 30% increase in hours viewed from 2018-2020, alone. Another way to see this thematic is through the pay TV penetration rate in the United States.

There are so many ways to show it — that streaming OTT devices are the future and that traditional pay TV cable is not. Remember, now this is critical, not only are consumers pushing away from cable TV, but advertisers actually prefer the streaming model. When consumers move in a direction that pleases the money (the advertisers), it happens faster. Roku is the undisputed leader, is growing faster than its own forecasts, and has yet to even scrape the tip of the iceberg for this massive thematic shift.


We are looking well beyond the next few years with Roku – toward a tectonic shift away from linear TV, where streaming is everything. A world where content is so rich, that Netflix, Amazon, Google, Disney, Apple and many others will compete for eyeballs, while Roku simply gives them access to the eyeballs. It’s no certainty that Roku will win, but we try to find companies that are ahead of the curve, that play a vital role in the guts of technological themes, and for now, we see Roku as one of those small companies with the potential to grow substantially. We’re not sure Wall Street understands the company, but when we look under the hood, we see a robust hardware, advertising, and platform business. We see a company that happily gives up gross margin on hardware, because the real gold mine is simply getting people to stream video — because, in the company’s view, there is a very good chance they will be streaming with Roku powering the platform.


Disclaimer: The author has a Long position in ROKU. The author is not receiving compensation for this article. This article is intended for informational and entertainment use only, and should not be construed as professional investment advice.

Stay Ahead of Everyone Else

Get The Latest Stock News Alerts