One of the benefits of traveling is you have time to step back from the phones, the various forms of electronic communication, and the blinking screens. While sitting in airports and on cramped planes isn’t likely high on anybody’s list of fun things to do, it does give you time to think.
So in the wee hours of this fine Wednesday morning in Little Rock, I would like to opine that there are reasons to be optimistic about the big picture outlook for the stock market. In fact, there are several pretty good reasons to put away the fear that the next calamity in the stock market may be just around the corner and to put a smile on your face. So, this morning I’d like to explore one of those reasons to turn those stock market frowns upside down.
First and foremost, investors need to remember that stocks go up the vast majority of the time. If you look back at history and do the math (well, I’m actually letting Ned Davis Research do the math for me here), you will discover that since 1900, the stock market has produced positive returns during 73% of all calendar years. Yep, that’s right, the odds of making money in the stock market each year are greater than 73%. Not bad.
It is also worth noting that stocks have produced gains over a given 5-year period something like 86% of the time. Then if you go out 10 years, the odds of success are even greater. And if an investor has a 20-year horizon, the odds of success are a nice, round 100%.
So, while it may feel like owning stocks has been a struggle lately and that the future is scary, I think it is important to look at the bigger picture every once and a while. For example, take a look at the chart below. This is a monthly chart of the S&P 500 going back to 1990. So, we’re looking at 26 years of history here.
S&P 500 – Monthly
When I look at this chart, the first thing that jumps out at me are the clear bull/bear cycles. Stocks went up in the 1990’s. Then they went down between 2000 through 2002. Then they went up until 2008… then down from 2008 through early 2009, and since then, well, stocks have been movin’ on up. Anybody else sense a trend here?
The second thing that I’d like to point out is this chart contains (a) the end of the secular bull market that had begun in 1982, (b) a secular bear market (2000-3/9/2009), and (c) what appears to be a new secular bull market.
Why should you care, you ask? There are actually a couple of reasons…
First, while everyone on the planet seems to be worrying about the next big, bad bear market (which, as we’re told almost daily, should begin any time now), it is important to remember that bear markets which occur during secular bull periods are much shallower and much shorter than the bears that occur during a secular bear phase.
In fact, according to the folks at Ned Davis Research, we just completed a bear market – a bear that began in August of last year and ended in mid-February. Now be honest; was it really all that bad?
The second important point to take away from this morning’s meandering market missive is that the average gains during the up cycles within the context of a secular bull are much larger than average.
According to the computers at NDR, there have been 4 secular bull markets since 1900 (and 4 secular bears). During the secular bulls, the average gain per year for the S&P 500 has been +13.7%. And frankly, if that isn’t a reason to look forward to the future, I’m not sure what is.
Yes, I know that everybody under the sun is calling for lower returns going forward. And the reasons for the downbeat outlook do indeed appear to make sense. There is also the fact that stocks have basically gone nowhere since 2014, which is used as an argument as to why we should expect more of the same going forward.
But seeing as how I’m looking at the glass as being at least half full this morning, let me offer up an opposing view.
Take another look at the monthly chart above. From my seat, I see the current sideways action as a consolidation of the big run that occurred over the prior 5 years. And since consolidation patterns are usually resolved by the market resuming the trend that had been in place before the consolidation phase began, we should probably expect this consolidation to end with an upside breakout – at some point in time.
There’s the rub, of course. WHEN are stocks going to break out? WHEN will this game become fun again? WHEN will investors be able to make more than a few percentage points in their portfolios?
In all honesty, I can’t answer that question. But, looking at the big picture and the history of the stock market, the odds would seem to be in the bulls’ favor here. Next time, we’ll explore a couple more reasons to give the bulls the benefit of the doubt going forward.