Marc Chandler

About the Author Marc Chandler

Marc Chandler has been covering the global capital markets in one fashion or another for 25 years, working at economic consulting firms and global investment banks. A prolific writer and speaker he appears regularly on CNBC and has spoken for the Foreign Policy Association. In addition to being quoted in the financial press daily, Chandler has been published in the Financial Times, Foreign Affairs, and the Washington Post. In 2009 Chandler was named a Business Visionary by Forbes. Marc's commentary can be found at his blog (www.marctomarket.com) and twitter www.twitter.com/marcmakingsense

Dollar Mixed Amid Holiday Market Turnover; Dow 20,000 Watch Continues

The US dollar is narrowly mixed as the holiday markets make for light turnover.  Global equity markets are not finding much encouragement from the new record highs by the Dow Jones Industrials.  

 

There have been a few developments to note.  First, the Swedish krona is the strongest of the major currencies, rallying 0.7% against the dollar and reaching a two-month high against the euro following the Riksbank meeting.  The central bank extended its bond-buying program through H1 17, but at a slower pace.

It was a controversial decision and could be the last efforts.  Two of the six-member board wanted to stop the bond purchases now.  One other was interested in extending the purchases, but at half the pace that was ultimately decided.  Currently, the Riksbank is buying SEK45 bln of bonds (for H2 16). In the first half of next year, it will buy SEK15 bln of conventional bonds and SEK15 bln of inflation-linked bonds.  It kept the deposit rate at minus 50 bp.

Second, the European Court of Justice ruled that Spanish banks that overcharged for mortgages must offer compensation.  This was a blow to Spanish banks, which fell in response to the final ruling.  The preliminary ruling allowed a time-limit to claims for reimbursement, but the final court ruling disallowed the constraint.  All Spanish banks are not equally affected, and some banks have put aside some of the funds.  Still, financials are the worst performing sector in Spain today. They are off nearly 1.75%  in late morning turnover, while the Spanish market as a whole is off about 0.75%.

Meanwhile, Italian banks are under modest pressure.  The index of Italian banks is off 0.6% and is the sixth declining session of the past nine.   After the cabinet approved increasing the country’s debt by 20 bln euro to help the banks, both chambers of parliament will vote on measures today. For reasons that seem to stem more from politics and economics, Italy has been slow to address its banking system woes, and when it does move, it tends to be too little.  There is no shock and awe or even a pretense of getting ahead of the curve of expectations.

Japanese shares finished marginally lower.  It has advanced for six consecutive weeks.  It is up fractionally this week.  However, as it rallied, short interest has grown.  As of last week,  at the Tokyo and Nagoya markets, the short interest rose to JPY990 bln, a seven-year high.

The dollar is trading within yesterday’s ranges against the yen, showing little enthusiasm to push back to last week’s highs near JPY118.65.  Initial support is seen near JPY117.00 and then Monday’s low near JPY116.50.  In Europe, the dollar is little changed against the euro, while sterling continues to sport a heavy tone.

There is an interesting decision expected shortly from the European Court of Justice, with implications for Brexit.  The Court will decide if a decision on a free-trade agreement with Singapore requires individual country approval or it is sufficient that the EU institutions approve.  If individual country approval is needed, it would suggest that the UK will need to have all individual EU members to ratify a new trade deal with the UK.  This could prove to be a laborious and time-consuming process.

Sterling continues to struggle to sustain even modest upticks.  Consider that in the last 12 sessions, including today; sterling has risen twice.  Near $1.2310, it has retraced 50% of the gains scored since the flash crash.   The 61.8% retracement is close to $1.22.  On the upside, $1.2420 needs to be overcome to begin repairing the technical damage.

For its part, the euro is straddling the $1.04 level.  The euro has not closed above its five-day moving average since December 7.  It is found a little above $1.0410 today.

The US reports November existing home sales.  It is expected to be slightly softer after a 2% gain in October.  This year, existing home sales averaged 5.42 mln (saar)  compared with 5.23 mln monthly average last year and 4.92 mln in 2014.  The US DOE also provides new oil inventory figures.  The API estimate showed a large 4.15 mln barrel draw that supported prices.  The Bloomberg survey median guesstimate is for a 2.4 mln barrel drawn, which would be the fifth consecutive liquidation of stocks.  That said, supplies in Cushing have risen for the last three weeks and may be more important for the kneed jerk market reaction.