Celldex Therapeutics, Inc. (NASDAQ:CLDX) presented mature survival data from the Company’s randomized, double-blind Phase 2 study of RINTEGA® (rindopepimut) in patients with EGFRvIII-positive, recurrent glioblastoma (GBM) at the 20th Annual Scientific Meeting of the Society for Neuro-Oncology (SNO). The data were presented in a podium presentation by David A. Reardon, M.D., Clinical Director, Center for Neuro-Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute; Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; and President of the Society for Neuro-Oncology, as well as the lead investigator of the ReACT study. RINTEGA is an investigational EGFRvIII specific therapeutic vaccine and was granted Breakthrough Therapy Designation in February 2014. Patients with recurrent glioblastoma that express the EGFRvIII mutation typically have a worse prognosis than the overall glioblastoma population, including poor long-term survival (median time from recurrence to death for EGFRvIII-positive patients is 8.7 months1). As previously reported, the primary endpoint of the study, progression-free survival at six months (PFS6) has been met.
- Mature overall survival (OS) data continue to show a marked benefit [hazard ratio = 0.53 (0.32, 0.88); p=0.0137] with a long-term survival benefit clearly seen in the RINTEGA arm. In May, the Company reported a hazard ratio of 0.57 (0.33, 0.98) (p=0.0386) for OS in the study.
- Nine of 10 patients (one patient lost to follow up) on the RINTEGA arm remain alive since the Company last presented data in May compared to only two out of five patients on the control arm.
- At two years, the survival rate for RINTEGA patients is 25% versus 0% for control patients in the intent to treat (ITT) population, with five patients extending beyond two years.
- Five patients in the RINTEGA arm continue survival follow-up without progression per central review, compared to only one patient on the control arm.
- A clear advantage continues to be demonstrated across multiple, clinically important endpoints including overall survival (OS), long-term progression-free survival (PFS), objective response rate (ORR) and need for steroids.
- 33% of patients on the RINTEGA arm who were receiving steroids at baseline were able to stop steroids for six months or longer compared to none on the control arm.
“The results of the ReACT study change the way we think about glioblastoma—offering patients and their families new hope in the face of one of the most difficult to treat cancers and upending the notion that the brain, masked behind the blood brain barrier, is beyond the reach of the promise of immunotherapy,” said David A. Reardon, M.D. “The long-term survival benefit observed in this study is unprecedented as it is exceedingly rare for patients with highly aggressive, EGFRvIII-positive glioblastoma—even in the newly diagnosed setting—to live beyond two years. Most striking perhaps is that not only are patients living considerably longer, they are also living better, with minimal side effects and a reduced need for steroids. The ReACT data also build considerable anticipation for the ACT IV study in newly-diagnosed glioblastoma as these patients typically present with much stronger immune systems and stand to derive an even greater benefit.”
“Patients with glioblastoma—especially those who are EGFRvIII-positive—face a staggering diagnosis, and in the face of this news, making the decision to participate in a clinical trial—especially a randomized study—is never an easy decision,” said Thomas Davis, M.D., Executive Vice President and Chief Medical Officer of Celldex. “To this end, we are extremely gratified on behalf of our ReACT patients, their families and physicians that RINTEGA continues to tell a very consistent, impressive story across multiple, clinically relevant endpoints including, most importantly, long-term survival. These results replicate what we have seen in earlier RINTEGA studies conducted in newly-diagnosed patients, supporting our belief that RINTEGA will be an important treatment option for all patients with EGFRvIII-positive glioblastoma.”
ReACT is a randomized, controlled Phase 2 exploratory study designed to determine if adding RINTEGA to standard of care bevacizumab (BV; Avastin®) improves outcomes for patients with EGFRvIII-positive, recurrent glioblastoma across multiple measures. Patients [n=73, intent to treat (ITT)] were bevacizumab-naïve at study entry. Tumor responses were evaluated in accordance with RANO criteria by an independent expert review committee blinded to treatment group assignment. Data for this long-term update included study results through September 1, 2015.
- PFS6: As previously reported, the primary endpoint of PFS6 was met. 10 out of 36 (28%) patients were alive at six months without progression on the RINTEGA arm compared to 6 out of 37 (16%) on the control arm (p=0.1163). Given the exploratory nature and size of the trial, the ReACT study required a PFS6 1-sided p-value of 0.2 (powered at 80%) for positivity.
- SURVIVAL: RINTEGA+BV demonstrated a statistically significant, clinically meaningful overall survival benefit compared to BV alone. Consistent with previous studies of RINTEGA and the published data observed for immune-mediated therapeutics, this survival benefit includes a “tail” on the RINTEGA survival curve with multiple patients exceeding what is customary survival for EGFRvIII-positive glioblastoma. Nine patients on the RINTEGA arm continue to be followed for survival, including five without disease progression per central review. Two patients on the control arm continue to be followed for survival, including one without disease progression per central review. At two years, the survival rate for RINTEGA patients in the ITT population is 25% versus 0% for control patients.
|Overall Survival (OS), Intent to Treat (ITT) Population|
|Hazard Ratio (HR)||HR = 0.53 (0.32, 0.88); p=0.0137|
|Median (95% CI)||OS 12 months||OS 18 months||OS 24 months|
|RINTEGA + BV||11.3 (9.9, 16.2)||44%||32%||25%|
|Control + BV||9.3 (7.1, 11.4)||32%||13%||0%|
- OBJECTIVE RESPONSE RATE (ORR): Nine out of 30 evaluable ITT patients (30%) on the RINTEGA arm experienced a confirmed objective response versus six out of 34 evaluable patients (18%) on the control arm. Five patients on the RINTEGA arm experienced durable responses greater than six months, and three of these patients experienced durable responses greater than 18 months (range of 18.6+ to 22.2 months). In contrast, only two patients on the control arm experienced a durable response greater than six months, and none experienced a response greater than 7.4 months.
- STEROID USE: Further emphasizing the level of disease control, 50% of the 18 patients on the RINTEGA arm who were on steroids at the start of treatment were able to stop steroids for at least two months during treatment versus only 26% of the 19 patients on the control arm who were on steroids at the start of treatment. 33% of patients on the RINTEGA arm were able to stop steroids for more than six months, and, of these, three were able to stop for more than one year versus none on the control arm for either time point.
- IMMUNE RESPONSE: Prolonged survival was associated with high anti-EGFRvIII humoral responses that were predominantly of the cell killing IgG1 isotype, and recent in vivo experiments have shown those immune responses had tumor killing function through antibody dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) of EGFRvIII-expressing tumor cells. This biologic effector function is rarely proven for immune therapies. Importantly, rapid generation of anti-EGFRvIII humoral response correlated with longer survival; however, even those with slower development of immune responses benefitted. No patient in the control arm had detectable EGFRvIII specific antibody response. This effect is consistent with RINTEGA’s proposed mechanism of action as a targeted immunotherapeutic vaccine.
- OTHER: Multiple subgroup and adjusted analyses have concluded that the consistent survival benefit observed in the study was not influenced by potential imbalances in patient demographics.
- SAFETY: RINTEGA was very well tolerated without unexpected additive toxicity to bevacizumab. (Original Source)
Shares of Celldex Therapeutics opened today at $14.53 and are currently trading up at $14.55. CLDX has a 1-year high of $32.82 and a 1-year low of $10.11. The stock’s 50-day moving average is $13.26 and its 200-day moving average is $19.54.
On the ratings front, Celldex has been the subject of a number of recent research reports. In a report issued on November 4, Brean Murray Carret analyst Jonathan Aschoff reiterated a Buy rating on CLDX, with a price target of $31, which implies an upside of 113.4% from current levels. Separately, on September 15, Cowen’s Boris Peaker maintained a Buy rating on the stock and has a price target of $28.
According to TipRanks.com, which ranks over 7,500 financial analysts and bloggers to gauge the performance of their past recommendations, Jonathan Aschoff and Boris Peaker have a total average return of -3.1% and 22.3% respectively. Aschoff has a success rate of 42.5% and is ranked #3583 out of 3857 analysts, while Peaker has a success rate of 46.2% and is ranked #100.
Celldex Therapeutics Inc is a biopharmaceutical company. The Company is engaged in the development, manufacturing and commercialization of immunotherapy technologies for the treatment of cancer and other difficult-to-treat diseases.